Pattadakal - Karnataka
Pattadkal or Pattada Kisuvola ("Red Town") is the place where chalukya emperors had their pattabanda (coronation) and the Virupaksha or lokeshwar is the most magnificent temple of the Chalukyan style built by lokadevi, the queen of Vikramaditya II in 740 AD in commemoration of this victory over the Pallavas of Kanchi. It Measures about 224 Ft East to west and 105 ft from North to South with a big hall in the center with one central shrine and two subidiary shrines and a separate Nandimantapa. It is designed like the Kailasa temple at Kanchi. The Nandimantapa itself has fine relief sculpture like kinnara couple. the temple has three porches at its three entrances in three sides and at the main entry from the eastern porch, on the inner ceilings is the huge images of surya in relief moving on his chariot with all his parphernaila, a very impressive creation.
The hall or Rangamantapa is supported by 18 massive rectangular pillars in four rows, full of sculptures with episodes of ramayana, mahabharatha & bhagavata engraved with small letters introducing each character togeather with floral designs. The flat ceiling has coiled Naga & gajalakshmi engraved jewellery and hair style. Tahti and manmantha are a notable piece here. This highly embellished temple has sculptures Narasimha, Ravana lifting Kailasa, gajendramoksha, Nataraja, Ardhanarishwara etc., in various parts of the temple which are wonderful creations of superb art. The temple has a fine Dravida Shikhara with a fine quare stupi (dome). Anivarita gunda is its master sculptor.
Location : - From Badami 18 km and from Bangalore 490 km
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How to Reach Pattadakal:
By Air : The nearest airport is Belgaum, 205 kms away.
By Rail : Nearest Railhead is Badami about 24 Kms away.
By Road : Pattadakal is connected by road to Aihole 20 kms, Badami 22 kms and Bangalore 495 kms.