Badami - Karnataka
Badami also known as vatapi was the capital of the Chalukyas, who ruled Karnataka and Arunachal Pradesh between the 535 AD to 642 AD. Badami was founded in 540 A.D. by
Pulakesi II (535-566 AD), an early ruler of the Chalukyas. His sons Kirthivarman (567-598 AD) and his brother Mangalesha I (598-610 AD) constructed the cave temples. The important carvings at the caves are an eight armed dancing Shiva and a two handed Ganesha. The second cave has Vaishnavite influence with panel of Thrivikrama and Bhuvaraha. On the ceiling are carvings of Anantha Shayana, Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva and Ashtadikpalas. The third cave is the largest and has carvings pertaining to both Shaivite and Vaishnavite themes. Panels of Thrivikrama, Narasimha, Shankaracharya, Bhuvarna, Anantha Shayana and Harihara are engraved in vigorous style. In the fourth cave of Jains there is a image of Mahavira. The greatest among them was Pulakeshi II (610-642 AD) who defeated many kings including Pallava king Mahendra Verman I and extended the kingdom.
How to Reach Badami:
By Air : Nearest airport to Badami is Belgaum, which is about 190 kms.
By Rail : Nearest railhead is Hubli, which is about 100 km away.
By Road : Badami is connected by state transport KSRTC to Hubli and Bijapur. Tourist buses are available from Bangalore to Badami daily.